No one can take our smiles away when a Dental Decay is kept miles away.
Teeth cavities is a problem that is common worldwide. Also known as Dental Caries & Teeth decay which Causes dark black hole in a tooth.
Teeth Cavities are caused by a multitude of factors that include bacteria in your oral cavity, constant munching, drinking sugary beverages, frequent snacking and not flossing or brushing teeth regularly. Cavities are a problem in people of all ages, even infants. Once a cavity or tooth decay has developed, it usually progresses without treatment. Over time hole in Tooth can lead to Throbbing & radiating pain, infection, Swelling, Bleeding, Food lodgement Bad Breath, inability to Chew and open mouth and Ultimately loss of the tooth.
What are symptoms of Teeth cavities or Tooth Decay?
In general, the symptoms of tooth decay depend on the location and extent of the problem.Initially, most people with a hole in Tooth have no symptoms. But as the decay progresses, the following symptoms may appear:
- An annoying toothache which can be moderate to severe dull, sharp, mild discomfort throbbing radiating pain & sleepless night.
- Sensitivity to certain foods or touch
- Sharp pain when drinking cold or hot beverages
- Visible holes in the teeth
- Staining or discoloration on the surface of the tooth
- Pain that occurs when eating solid foods
- Bad Breath also is known as Halitosis emitting from the mouth.
How does Tooth decay occur?
Tooth decay is not an overnight process but occurs gradually. Initially, a plaque forms. This plaque consists of bacteria and sticks to the teeth. With time the acid in the plaques removes minerals like calcium from the outer hard enamel, and this leads to the development of tiny holes in the enamel. As erosion progresses, the bacteria and acidity from the mouth reach the softer layer of the tooth called enamel. If no treatment is undertaken, the process continues until the infection moves to the inner tooth (pulp) where the nerves and blood vessels are located. When this happens, pain and tooth sensitivity are common complaints. As the body responds by inducing an inflammatory reaction to fight off the infection, a tooth abscess or pockets of pus start to develop.
What are risk factors and Causes for Teeth Cavities?
1. Location & position of your tooth is important. The majority of tooth decay occurs in the back teeth such as the premolars and molars. These teeth are known to have many pits, grooves and small holes that quickly collect food particles. This anatomical factor makes it harder to clean them compared to the front teeth. Also, plaque builds up, and bacteria also tend to thrive in the warm, humid rear part of the oral cavity.
2. Eating sugary foods is a common risk factor; people who consistently eat cookies, ice cream, dessert, candy, chocolate and chips are more likely to develop tooth decay. Further, sugary foods also tend to be sticky and are not easily washed away with saliva.
3. A common cause of tooth decay is frequent snacks. When you eat all the time, this leads to constant acidity in the mouth, which then attacks the teeth and wears them down. Sipping cold beverages or acidic drinks can result in continual acidity in the mouth, which causes erosion of the enamel.
4. Eating before bedtime. When food is eaten just before bedtime, particles remain in between the teeth and stimulate acid section. Over time, bacteria thrive and start to cause tooth damage.
6. Having a dry mouth also leads tooth decay. Saliva is essential in preventing tooth decay as it washes away food and dilutes the acidity. Certain medications and medical disorders, radiation therapy or cancer drugs can reduce production of saliva.
7. Fillings and Dental Crowns & Bridges often weaken and break down over time; this permits plaque to build up which is hard to remove. Some dentalDental Crowns & Bridges that do not fit well can also increase the build up bacteria underneath.
8. Eating disorders like bulimia and anorexia are also known to promote tooth decay. The reason is that the repeated vomiting leads to acidity in the mouth, which destroy the enamel. Further, these eating disorders also prevent the production of saliva.
9. People who have reflux can also develop tooth decay; the reason is that reflux of acid into the mouth can damage the teeth.
10. Finally, a major risk factor for tooth decay is not having adequate levels of fluoride. Fluoride is known to prevent tooth decay and can even reverse early stages of tooth damage. Today the drinking water is supplemented with fluoride and this mineral is also found in mouthwashes and toothpaste. Most bottled water does not contain fluoride.
Tooth decay is very common in society, but most people do not take it seriously. What people should realize that tooth decay has life long repercussions- if you lose your teeth, you will never be able to enjoy food again and worse, the facial aesthetics are reduced in people with absent or missing teeth.
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