Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gingiva. It mainly affects the gums. When it occurs in an individual it has various signs and symptoms which help the dentist to diagnose gingivitis. The signs and symptoms which are important from the point of view of gingivitis are mentioned here.
In the early stages:
- Redness of gums and swollen gums are one of the most important and characteristic features of gingivitis. The redness of the gums is due to the inflammation of the gums. This can be recognized by increasing size of the gums around the teeth; sometimes the gums even cover some part of teeth. This leads to the redness and swelling of the gingiva.
- There is bleeding of the gums at the time of brushing or after flossing is another major symptom which can confirm that the individual is towards the occurrence of gingivitis in his mouth. Surveys have found that 80% of the individuals have a gum problem at some or the other level. But out of this, only 10% of the individuals are aware of this fact and are concerned enough to get regular dental checkups done by the dentist. That’s why it is recommended to have dental checkups on a regular basis.
- Dull Pain in Jaws.
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) is also a known type of gingivitis.
In the advanced stages:
Progression of the disease from the gums to the surrounding tissues, namely alveolar bone is known as periodontitis, this is the advanced stage of gingivitis.
- Bad breath is one of the most common signs and symptoms of the gingivitis in the advanced stages. Various types of smell come from the patient’s mouth when he speaks or uses his mouth. There are various types of bad breath depending on various factors. These are: fruit-like smell, faeces like smell and ammonia like smell. These types indicate that the patient is not in a healthy oral condition. You can check the smell by blowing air from your mouth on a part of your hand. You can smell the area very different if you have bad breath.
- The patient’s, who have gingivitis, will have an unpleasant taste in their mouth. It is not necessary that feeling a different taste is due to gingivitis, as it can occur if the patient is on regular medication. But if this is not the case, then the patient has bad taste due to some problems in the mouth related to teeth or gums mainly.
- If the gums attached to the teeth become loosened or Gums recede, then there will be lose tooth or mobility of teeth.
- When the gum attachment to the teeth become loose, then various pus forming bacteria can affect the mouth. This will lead to the formation of certain abscesses below the gums and teeth. These are painful due to the location and the burning and pain felt in the area. It takes enough time for any patient to recover from such conditions.
- Gaps between Teeth
- Food lodgement between teeth, urge to remove stuck food, fiber between teeth.
- Inability to Chew Food, as teeth are mobile or loose and pain if pressure is applied while chewing hard food.
- If left untreated eventual tooth loss.
A periodontist is one who treats various diseases of the gums mainly. With the help of his skills he brings the condition of the patient to the normal level thus providing healthy gums. They are mainly known to treat the periodontal diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis